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Having the right tools
Always use the best tools you can afford. Having the right tool for the right job saves time and effort. Here is check list to consider before starting to paint, but it may not be necessary to use everything.

•  Scrapers – of different widths for corners, ledges and walls.
•  Shavehooks – for scraping mouldings.
•  Sandpapers – of varying grades. Use a wooden block to hold the paper firmly.
•  Bucket and sponge – to wash down walls.
•  Brush – for removing dust. Wire bristles are good for metal.
•  Step ladder – safe and sturdy.
•  Hot air stripper, blow torch or liquid paint stripper – whichever you prefer to work with.
•  Dust Sheets – plastic sheets are better than newspaper as any spillage will not soak through.
•  Filler and filling knives – an all purpose filler for larger cracks and fine filler for smaller cracks with various sizes of filling knives depending on the work to be done.
•  Masking Tape – to protect areas and edges not to be painted. This is easy to apply and peel off.
•  Sugar Soap – to clean dirty and greasy surfaces.
•  Paint Pad or Paint Roller – good for applying paint to larger areas; a deep pile roller is recommended for rough textured surfaces, medium pile for smother, lightly textured surfaces.
•  Paint Tray – to hold paint for roller and paint pad application.
•  Brushes – available in different widths, narrow brushes 2.5 cm wide are good for finishing off around edges and for applying gloss, wider brushes of up to 15cm are needed for applying emulsion to large surfaces.

Painting your ceilings and walls

•  Start painting on the ceiling in a corner nearest the window and work away from the light.
•  Fill in the corners with a small paint brush before painting in horizontal lines 75cm wide across the ceiling with a large brush or roller. This helps control your working area to ensure the whole surface is covered evenly.
•  Either use a step ladder or a roller on a pole to reach.
•  Wash out brushes and rollers as soon as you can after completion of the work.

Painting with a roller
•  A roller will cover walls and ceilings quickly and evenly.
•  To load the roller, rock it backwards and forwards in the paint tray, pushing it up to the top of the slope to remove excess paint.
•  Apply with criss-cross strokes to the wall, ensuring a smooth start and finish to each stroke - removing the roller suddenly may cause splashes.

Painting with a pad
•  If you are unsure about using a roller, use a pad. With a pad, work in strips up and down the wall.
•  Aim to finish either a wall or ceiling before you stop, otherwise you may leave a pronounced strip on the wall.
•  If you do not get a good cover first time, leave it to dry and apply another coat.